Roland Brandtjen, 2019

An Analysis of the Isle of Man and the Faroe Islands

Europeanized Separatism and Micro-Nations. Secession to gain full EU-Membership? An Analysis of the Isle of Man and the Faroe Islands

Many authors have already dealt with the influence of the European level onto national or regional areas within the EU. Few, however, wrote about the Europeanization of areas outside the EU. Literature focusing on European influence on the identity of a community outside the EU territory or the influence on its separatism is not yet available. This book tries to close this scientific gap. It goes even further and examines the European influence on separatism and micro-nations. Micro-nations, according to this research, are communities with less than 100,000 inhabitants. European recognized nations outside the EU are e.g. the Faroe Islands and the Isle of Man. These also serve as case studies. This paper tries to answer the following questions:

  • How does the EU influence a micro-nation to separate and declare a new state?
  • Why would a small nation apply for EU admission and confer its gained sovereignty onto a supranational actor?
  • Does the European integration process perhaps help or hinder those nations to take the final step of proclaiming full independence?

In order to answer these questions, data were collected through expert interviews and an online-based public opinion poll. The latter was supported by a radio station on the Isle of Man and the largest free online newspaper in the Faroe Islands. Exciting results on one’s national and European identity, on Europeanization and on separatism can be found in this work. The similarities of Faroese and Manx identities are surprising and diverse. There are also similarities in the image of their respective realms. Europe and the EU are seen as both positive and negative in certain aspects. The deciding factor seems to be the great fear of being overruled by any bigger institution or state.